2020 in Review: How the Arts Impacted Our Health

As the world struggled to contain the coronavirus, the arts could not be stopped.

A cascade of creativity outbreaks emerged after pandemic restrictions like stay-at-home orders took effect. Italians sang in grief and solidarity from their balconies during lockdown. People turned to the therapeutic arts of baking, gardening and needlework, resulting in widely reported shortages of flour, seeds and thread. 

Healthcare workers used music to comfort critical patients, celebrate those who recovered and take a break from serving on the frontlines. And with the help of artists worldwide, people found new and creative ways to express themselves together at a distance.

Four months into the pandemic, the data began to paint a dispiriting picture. Our mental health had taken a severe hit, for some more than others. But it appeared that the embrace of the arts, both individually and collectively, was a key protective factor—a way to cope and stay resilient in the face of tremendous strain and anxiety.

Was this unconscious return to the arts highlighting something essential to our collective wellbeing?

We will be unpacking that question for years to come, but there is no denying that the pandemic has forced us to slow down, take stock and invest in things that make us feel whole, human and connected.

Read on to see how the arts impacted our health and wellbeing in a year for the history books, 2020.

3/8/20 MUSIC
Choir Performance in Europe Leads to Outbreak

In early March, a 130-person choir performs at the Concertgebouw in the Netherlands. Over a hundred people fall sick and four people tied to the choir die.

3/9/20 DANCE
TikTok Awash With Hand-Washing Dance Videos

 

 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by Quang Đăng (@im.quangdang)

A Vietnamese dancer choreographs a viral dance to demonstrate hand-washing techniques recommended by the World Health Organization. Posted as a social media challenge, the dance inspires a flood of hand-washing videos from around the world.

3/10/20 MUSIC
Choir Rehearsal In U.S. Ends in Outbreak

In Washington state, the Skagit Valley Chorale rehearses indoors in compliance with state guidelines. Despite no reported cases of COVID-19 in town, 53 choir members eventually fall ill and two die from complications.

3/13/20 PERFORMING ARTS
Instagram Talent Shows Take Off
 
 
 
 
 
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A post shared by Jennifer Garner (@jennifer.garner)


As schools begin to shutter in the U.S., celebrities like Jennifer Garner and Laura Benanti anticipate the letdown amongst students preparing for their end-of-year performances. Channeling a little "Show Must Go On" energy, they hold online talent shows.

3/16/20 MUSIC
Musicians Stream Free Living Room Concerts

Frontman Chris Martin of Coldplay kicks off the trend with an Instagram Live set, and John Legend follows suit the next day. One month later, Lady Gaga hosts the One World: Together at Home Concert, "connecting and inspiring Global Citizens to stand together to beat coronavirus."

RELATED:
How Listening to Music May Ease Traumatic Stress

3/19/20 MUSEUMS
COVID Art Museum Appears on Instagram

While most museums close their doors to visitors, a new global gallery arrives online. The COVID Art Museum opens on Instagram as a place to document and preserve artists' responses to the pandemic.

3/20/20 MEDIA ARTS
The Animal Crossing Craze Takes Hold

Stuck at home with time on their hands, people take up their video game controllers and enter a whimsical world of critters in Animal Crossing. The feel-good game provides moments of escape and connection.

RELATED:
How Video Games Can Be a Healthy Escape During Lockdown

3/22/20 MUSIC
Virtual Choirs Zoom Ahead with Performances

In-person choir performances are banned as superspreader events, but singing for solace, comfort and connection continues. Virtual choirs, like The Sofa Singers, take to YouTube to perform, sparking joy without spreading the coronavirus.

RELATED:
Virtual Choirs and Wellbeing

3/29/20 MEDIA ARTS
Some Good News with John Krasinski Premieres

As public health experts urge limiting news consumption to protect our mental health, a new kind of program debuts.

SGN's 8-week run offers hope and heartwarming antidotes to the news cycle, complete with a virtual prom and graduation and crowd-pleasing reunions of casts from The Office (U.S. edition) and Hamilton.

3/30/20 VISUAL ARTS
UN Issues a Call to Creatives

To help stop the spread of COVID-19, the United Nations posts a call to creatives: Help us translate critical public health messages into artwork that will engage and inform people around the world. 

In the U.S., design lab Amplifer issues a similar call for artwork to support public health and safety and uplift mental health and wellbeing.

4/6/20 PERFORMING ARTS
The Globe Theatre Streams Shakespeare

The curtains drop on the planned spring season at the world-famous theater. To provide community and connection, The Globe shifts to digital offerings, including six productions for free on video-on-demand.

5/15/20 HEALING ARTS
Arts are a Lifeline for Lonely Seniors

New reports emerge about an uptick in suicides amongst isolated and vulnerable seniors. While nursing home and assisted living residents are cut off from visitors, communities rally to boost seniors' spirits through pen pal programs and joke hotlines. Some care workers dream up a fun project recreating iconic album covers with their residents. And arts service organizations get crafty, beefing up their virtual offerings.

RELATED:
Art Activities Can Be a Lifeline for Lonely Seniors

5/26/20 VISUAL ARTS
"The Way I See It" Showcases the Creativity of UK Kids in Lockdown

Google Arts & Culture teams up with Arts Council England to display art made by young people to process the pandemic. While children are cut off from school arts supplies, the Arts Council, working with its partners, manages to distribute over 36,840 Let's Create Packs to children across England.

6/1/20 HEALING ARTS
Healing Arts Initiatives Emerge to Support a Struggling Frontline

In New York City, the "Music for The Soul" series launches, with big-name acts treating frontline healthcare workers to private concerts.

Meanwhile as clinicians continue to report burnout and fatigue, Theater of War for Frontline Medical Providers presents selected works to help struggling workers name and share their feelings.

The National Organization for the Arts in Health (NOAH) launches the ARC project, offering free expressive arts programming to help healthcare workers combat anxiety and burnout.

RELATED:
PTSD and the Arts: A Path to Healing Our Healers
Can a Jam Session Help Healthcare Workers Battle Burnout?

6/11/20 DANCE
Rural Shuffle Dance Goes Viral

A Chinese couple decides to share the daily dance routine that helped the husband recover from depression after an severe car accident. The video quickly goes viral on TikTok.

RELATED:
Just Dance: A Prescription for Mental Wellbeing

6/19/20 ARTS FOR JUSTICE
An Artistic Outpouring in the Streets After the Killing of George Floyd

When a video of George Floyd's killing by police spreads online, it lays bare another public health threat, systemic racism and injustice in the U.S. People immediately gravitate to the arts to express themselves in grief and protest. Street murals and portraits honoring Floyd and Breonna Taylor appear, protesters dance at the base of Confederate statues and a young black boy sings a heart-wrenching plea, "I Just Wanna Live".

RELATED:
Arts for Health Equity and Social Justice

6/30/20 HEALING ARTS
UK Study Indicates Arts Engagement May Protect Mental Health During Lockdown

The COVID-19 Social Study tracked weekly arts participation and mental health of 72,000 UK adults since March. Initial data suggest that people spending 30 minutes or more on creative activities reported lower rates of depression and anxiety and greater life satisfaction. In partnership with the University of Florida Center for Arts in Medicine and Americans for the Arts, the study extends to the U.S.

7/3/20 PERFORMING ARTS
Hamilton: The American Musical Streams on Disney Plus

Broadway remains shut down, but a recorded version of the smash hit musical, Hamilton, makes a house call, streaming on Disney+.

9/1/20 HEALING ARTS
Report Highlights Arts Activities as Critical to Pandemic Resilience

From the Collective Resilience Report: "UCL’s study of 70K adults’ mental health during the pandemic found that 22% engaged more with arts during the lockdown period than usual, and engaging in creative activities—art, gardening, hobbies, reading fiction—was the single most helpful activity for people’s wellbeing."

9/29/20 DANCE
Dance for PD Reaches More Than Ever During the Pandemic

Dance for PD is a dance instruction program that improves quality of life for people living with Parkison's Disease, backed by 38 peer-reviewed studies. The pandemic put a halt to in-person classes in NYC. As programming shifted online, participation leapt from 650 regulars in the city to 1,300 students around the world.

12/15/20 DANCE
Boston Healthcare Workers Celebrate Arrival of COVID-19 Vaccine

Sound on for this one!

Send IAM Lab Your Questions and Stories

Are you, your loved ones or colleagues dealing with specific issues and want to learn more about art-based solutions? Are you already using the arts to help you cope? Please share your thoughts, ideas and concerns with us at covid19arts@artsandmindlab.org.

"This is precisely the time when artists go to work. There is no time for despair, no place for self-pity, no need for silence, no room for fear. We speak, we write, we do language. That is how civilizations heal."
Toni Morrison
Author